Towns and Tigers of the Terai

The life of Terai people starts wit the smell of the smoking chimney. From the surrounding country side long files of bullock carts full of sugar cane are converging on the mill in trails of brown dust. All around them stretches a patchwork of rice fields, dotted here and there with clumps of bamboo or huge, placid banyan and pipal trees sheltering a few huts with thatched roofs. At the edge of the vast Ganges plain, the alluvial soil is rich and bountiful.

Bhairawa is typical of the main towns of the Teria belt. The Terai’s largest town is Biratnagar on Nepal’s southeastern frontier. It is notable for a major sugar refinery and a nearby hydro-electric project.

Janakpur was the capital of ancient Mithila and the birthplace of Sita, consort of Rama, hero of the Ramayana. The most popular temple dedicated to Sita, popularly known as Janaki Temple is in the center of the town. Janaki Temple is also a pilgrimage site for Hindus from all over the subcontinent. Janakpur was a well planned city and once a major center of learning.
It is not only Hindus who find pilgrimage sites in the Terai. Buddhists also find it important because this is where Lord Buddha was born.

Located some 250 kilometers west of Kathmandu, Lumbini rests on the plains of Kapilvastu. There are numerous builidngs of religious significance in Lumbini. The most important religious significance of Lumbini is the massive stone pillar known as Ashoka Stupa, was erected by Mauryan Emperor Ashoka in 250 B.C.

Maya Devi Temple is another site of Lumbini. This temple is situated at the same place where Buddha was born in a palace garden, it contains a stone relief depicting Gautama’s nativity scene. There is also a reactangular pond said to be the remains of the sacred pool.
Palpa is know for its metalware and Dhaka. It provides the great view of the Madi Valley. The inhabitants of Palpa are Newars who migrated in the 19th century. Tansen town is built up on a steep. There are few attractions at Palpa with historical backgrounds such as Tansen Durbar, Amar Narayan Temple, Bhagwati Temple etc.
Nepal is full of flora and fauna. The first national park of Nepal was established in 1973 which is visited by most of the tourists is known as Chitwan National Park in the Terai area. Together with Chitwan National Park, there are nine national parks, three wildlife reserves and three conservation areas.

Chitwan National Park – is the world heritage site covering over 932 sq km of area. Chitwan is the best place to spot Bengali tiger, one-horned rhinos, deer, monkeys and 450 species of bird. There are many activities to do in Chitwan National Park to keep the tourist busy and attracted at the same time with the beauty of its rich flora and fauna.

Bardia National Park – Bardia is the largest national parks of the Terai. Bardia is widely known as the best place in South Asia for tiger sightseeing’s. Bardia is the mixture of dense sal forest, riverine forest and isolated pockets of open grass land. Because of the heavy monsoon rainfall, the best to visit Bardia National Park is from the month of November till April.

Sukla Phanta Wildlife - Situated at the most western part of Nepal, Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve is the least visited wildlife reserve of Nepal. It has 500 different species of birds, reptiles and mammals. Inbetween 60 - 70% of the forest is dominated by the sal forest, about 30 % of grassland and the rest is swamp and water.

Koshi Tappu Wildlife – is the smallest national park compare to other parks of Nepal. It only covers 175 square kilometers of area but it has gangetic dolphins, silver skinned nosed dolphin, 100 wild buffalos, blue bull, hog deer, wild boar, and crocodile. Koshi Tappu Wildlife reserve is also very famous for its bird life. Visitors can find more than 280 species of birds, including 20 species of duck, ibises, stork, Bengal floricans and egrets.